Ap State Satta – This article is about the Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh. For the Upper House, see Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council.

The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly or Sasana Sabha is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Ap State Satta

The Legislative Assembly consists of 175 members elected for the first time by the vote of the Supreme Assembly. The term of office of the Assembly is five years from the date of its first meeting, unless it is decided earlier to dissolve the Assembly. The main functions of the Wolesi Jirga include enacting laws, monitoring the administration, approving the budget and hearing citizen complaints.

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It was created after the formation of Andhra State on 1 October 1953. On 1 November 1956, the state of Andhra Pradesh was formed by the merger of the Telugu-speaking regions of Hyderabad State and Andhra State, the Andhra State Legislative Assembly has 140 members and 105 members represent the telugu ones. Areas of Hyderabad state merged to form APLA. At the time of its formation, the legislature was a unitary assembly with only 301 members. The first meeting was held on 3rd December 1956. Sri Aiya Deora Kaleshwar Rao and Sri Konda Lakshman Bapuji were the first speaker and first vice president respectively.

With the formation of the Legislative Council on 1 July 1958, the Andhra Pradesh Legislature became bicameral and remained so until 1 June 1985, when the Legislative Council was dissolved on 31 May 1985 in the eighth Legislative Assembly. .

On 2 June 2014, the state of Andhra Pradesh was bifurcated to form the new state of Telangana. Andhra Pradesh has received 175 legislative seats and the remaining 119 have been allotted to the Telangana Legislative Assembly.

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The YSR Congress won a total of 151 seats and the ruling Telugu Desam Party was reduced to 23 seats and the Jana Saa Party 1 seat. The Telangana movement refers to the movement for the creation of a separate state, Telangana. Current situation of Andhra Pradesh in India. The new state corresponds to the Telugu-speaking parts of the former princely state of Hyderabad, which merged with Andhra Pradesh in 1956, leading to civil unrest.

After decades of protests and unrest, the Kirtral government under the United Development Alliance decided to carve out the existing state of Andhra Pradesh and on 2 June 2014, the Union Cabinet unilaterally approved a bill to create Telangana. Lasting for almost 5 decades, it was one of the longest running movements in South India.

On 18 February 2014, the Lok Sabha passed the bill by voice vote. The bill was then passed by the Rajya Sabha two days later on 20 February.

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According to the law, Hyderabad will be the capital of Telangana, while the city will also remain the capital of the rest of the state of Andhra Pradesh for two years. Primarily, Hyderabad is the joint capital of Johor. On June 2, 2014, Telangana was formed.

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In December 1953, the States Reorganization Commission was appointed to prepare for the formation of linguistic states.

The Commission, due to public demand, recommended the dissolution of Hyderabad State and the merger of the Marathi-speaking region with Bombay State and the Kannada-speaking region with Mysore State. The State Regulatory Commission (SRC) discussed the pros and cons of merging the Telugu-speaking Telangana region of Hyderabad state with Andhra state. Paragraph 374 of the SRC report stated that “The establishment of Vishalandra is an ideal to which many individuals and public bodies in Andhra and Telangana have been passionately attached for a long time, and unless there is a strong argument to the contrary, it impulse is a matter for consideration.’ Discussing the case of Telangana, paragraph 378 of the SRC report said, “One of the main reasons for Vishalandra’s opposition seems to be the fear felt by the educationally backward people of Telangana that they might be overtaken and exploited by the advanced people . they had already been swamped by the people of Tamil Nadu.’ In its final analysis, the SRC recommended that there be no immediate merger. Paragraph 386 states: “After considering all these factors, we have come to the conclusion that it would be in the interest of Andhra and Telangana if, for the President, the territory of Telangana should be created as a separate State, which may be recognized as the State of Hyderabad subject to its amalgamation with Andhra after the general election in or about 1961, if two-thirds of the remainder of the Hyderabad Legislature vote for the same unity by a majority.

A map showing many rivers including the Godavari and the Krishna. Both rivers flow through coastal Andhra and Telangana

Telangana was the largest of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh state, covering 41.47% of its total area. It represents 40.54% of the state’s population. Here is the region-wise breakdown of Andhra Pradesh’s revenue:

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Note: The revenue collected by the capital of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh is a complex issue as revenue is received from all districts. This created a lot of confusion in the distribution of income at the regional level. Also, after the demerger, the companies will pay a portion of their taxes to the Telangana or Andhra Pradesh of the day where they operate. Before the split, many companies paid taxes to the capital Hyderabad for their operations in Seemandara.

Proponents of a separate Telangana state claim that water distribution, budget allocation and jobs are being unfairly compromised. In the state of Andhra Pradesh, 68.5% of the Krishna River and 69% of the Godavari River basins lie in the Telangana Plateau region and drain into the Bay of Bagal from other parts of the state. Telangana and the offshore parts of the states of Karnataka and Maharashtra form the Deccan Plateau. Proponents of Telangana say that 74.25% of the irrigation water through the canal system under major irrigation projects goes to the coastal Andhra region, while Telangana gets 18.20%. The remaining 7.55% goes to the Rayalaseema region.

According to Volume Two of the Krishna Water Disputes Trial Award, “The area under consideration for irrigation formed part of the State of Hyderabad and was not part of that State, to the inhabitants of that area.” “There was a good chance of getting irrigation facilities. In the Mehboobnagar district. We are of opinion that this district should not be deprived of the benefit of irrigation by reason of reorganization of departments.”

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The share of education funding for Telangana ranges from 9.86% in government-aided primary schools to 37.85% in government-rated colleges. The above figures include the shows in Hyderabad. The budget allocation for Telangana is generally less than 1/3rd of Andhra Pradesh’s total budget. There are allegations that all these years, the money allocated to Telangana was never spent. Since 1956, the Andhra Pradesh government has established 11 new medical colleges in the state. 8 were in Seemandhra and only 3 were in Telangana. Telangana did not match the lost opportunities due to internal migration of many students from Seemandhra to Hyderabad.

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According to Professor Jaya Shankar, only 20% of all government employees, less than 10% of the secretariat staff and less than 5% of department heads in the Andhra Pradesh government are from Telangana. A large part of the employment comes from other regions.

He also argued that the state has been represented by Chief Ministers from Telangana for only 6 1/2 years out of its five decades of existence and no Chief Minister of the region has been in power continuously for more than 2 1/2 years. and

According to the Srikrishna Commission on Telangana, Telangana held the post of Chief Minister for 10.5 years while Seema Andhra held the region for 42 years.

According to the Backward Areas Relief Fund 2009-10, 13 backward areas are in Andhra Pradesh: nine (all except Hyderabad) are from Telangana and the rest from other areas.

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Advocates of a separate Telangana state believe that the agreements, plans and assurances of the legislature and the Lok Sabha over the last fifteen years have not been kept, resulting in Telangana being neglected, exploited and left behind. They claim that the experiment of remaining as a state has proved futile and secession is the best solution.

Many parties in the state have changed their stance on Telangana state several times. The following are positions from various parties in the state where the movement was at its peak between 2009 and 2013. The Congress Party, the ruling party in the TDP, took its final decision to create the state of Telangana in July 2013.

(a) Parties which were in favor of Telangana state before 9 December 2009 but changed their position to neutral on 10 December 2009, the day the process of creation of Telangana state was announced by the central government and later withdrew on 23 December.

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(b) On December 9, 2009, Jaganmohan Reddy

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